Birds Price

African Macaw: The Intelligent Avian Jewel of Africa (2024)

The African Macaw, scientifically known as Psittacus Erithacus, is a captivating parrot species native to the dense rainforests of West and Central Africa. Known for its striking appearance and remarkable intelligence, the African Macaw, also referred to as the Grey Parrot or the Congo African Grey has captured the fascination of bird enthusiasts worldwide. With its elegant grey plumage, vibrant crimson tail, and exceptional mimicry skills, this avian jewel stands out as a true marvel of the natural world and make its unique from all others Different types of Macaw Parrot Species.

Here at this article, we will explore the unique characteristics and significance of the African Macaw, shedding light on its habitat, intelligence, behavior, and the importance of conservation efforts to protect this remarkable species.

Complete Guide On African Macaw

This guide will discuss almost everything related to African or Grey Macaw Parrots. We will deliver everything about these macaws, like Their overall Appearance, Habitat, Behavior towards others, Overall Diet and Feeding techniques and the Price to buy them in India. So, Tighten up yourself for this amazing Journey.


Photo- The Happy Chicken Coop

The African Macaw, also known as the Grey Parrot or the Congo African Grey, is a visually captivating parrot species. Its appearance is characterized by a predominantly grey plumage that showcases various shades ranging from light silver to charcoal. The feathers have a sleek and velvety texture, enhancing the bird’s elegant charm. The feathers have a sleek and smooth surface, improving the bird’s luxury appeal.

One of the most distinctive features of the African Macaw is its brilliant crimson-coloured tail. The vibrant red hue contrasts sharply with the grey plumage, creating a visually appealing combination. In addition to its grey and red colouration, the African Macaw exhibits other notable physical traits. It possesses a strong, curved beak that is predominantly black. 

The eyes of the African Macaw are a captivating shade of orange, adding a touch of warmth and intensity to its overall appearance. These expressive eyes reflect the bird’s intelligence and curiosity, illuminating its vibrant personality. Furthermore, the African Macaw features unique white patches around its face. These prominent patches stand out against the grey feathers, giving the bird a distinct and recognizable facial pattern. The white patches encircle the eyes and extend towards the beak, adding a touch of elegance to its appearance.

Intelligence and Communication

Photo : New York Times


The Grey Parrot, or the Congo African Grey, is renowned for its exceptional intelligence and remarkable communication abilities. Considered one of a most intelligent parrot species in the world, this remarkable bird exhibits cognitive skills that continue to captivate researchers and bird enthusiasts alike. One of the most impressive aspects of the African Macaw’s intelligence is its ability to mimic human speech and a wide array of sounds.

These birds possess a remarkable capacity for learning and can imitate words, phrases, and even entire conversations with surprising accuracy. Their vocal mimicry extends beyond human speech to include sounds from their environment, such as telephone rings, doorbells, and other animals. Moreover, the African Macaw demonstrates a remarkable comprehension of the meaning behind the words it learns to mimic. 

In addition to vocal mimicry, the African Macaw communicates using various body language and vocalizations. They can express multiple emotions, including happiness, excitement, curiosity, and frustration. Their body language involves postural changes, wing flapping, and head movements, contributing to their communication repertoire. Furthermore, These Macaws are highly social creatures and engage in complex social interactions within their flock. They demonstrate a keen ability to recognize and remember individuals, forming strong bonds and relationships.

The intelligence and communication skills of the African Macaw not only make them captivating companions and enable meaningful interactions with their human caretakers. They thrive on mental stimulation, and engaging them in puzzle-solving, training exercises, and social interaction is essential for their overall well-being and happiness.

Behavior and Social Structure

Photo : World Land Trust

African Macaws are highly social creatures in their natural habitat, forming tight-knit flocks consisting of dozens or even hundreds of individuals. Within these flocks, African Macaws engage in various social behaviors contribute to their cohesive group dynamics. One notable aspect of their behavior is their monogamous nature. These Macaws are known to form long-term pair bonds, with mates staying together for life. Once a pair bond is established, the male and female work collaboratively in various aspects of their lives, including foraging, nest building, and raising offspring. For Getting Details About Behavior of Macaw Parrot, Visit Here.

Nest building is an essential behavior for African Macaws. They construct nests in tree cavities using twigs, leaves, and other materials they gather from their surroundings. The nesting process cooperates, with both males and females actively participating. This behavior reflects their commitment to providing their offspring with a safe and secure environment. These Macaws thrive on social interaction with their human companions when kept as pets. They form strong bonds with their owners and require regular mental stimulation and social engagement to prevent boredom and promote well-being.

Regarding reproduction, African Macaws typically lay a clutch of two to four eggs. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs, demonstrating shared parental care. Once the eggs hatch, both parents continue to be actively involved in feeding and protecting the chicks. This cooperative parenting behavior contributes to the survival and well-being of the offspring. In addition to their strong pair bonds, African Macaws also form social bonds within their flock. They engage in various social interactions, including vocal exchanges, physical contact, and preening each other’s feathers. 

Diet and Feeding Habits

Photo- BirdTricks

In the wild, African Macaws feed on fruits, nuts, seeds, leafy greens, and bark. Fruits such as figs, palm nuts, and berries are an important part of their diet, providing essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They use their strong beak to crack open tough outer shells and extract the nutritious contents within. Nuts, including palm nuts and shea nuts, are a significant food source for Grey Macaws. Nuts are a valuable source of healthy fats, proteins, and essential nutrients, contributing to overall well-being.

Seeds, such as sunflower seeds, also play a role in the Grey Macaw’s Parrot diet. These seeds provide a good energy source and are often foraged from the forest floor or obtained by cracking open seed pods. However, it’s important to note that seeds should be offered in moderation, as a diet high in grains alone can be nutritionally imbalanced. Leafy greens, including various leaves, shoots, and buds, also form a part of the Grey Macaw’s diet. These greens provide essential vitamins and minerals, contributing to their overall health. Additionally, African Macaws may consume bark from trees, especially when other food sources are scarce.

In captivity, it is essential to replicate a balanced diet that resembles their natural feeding habits. A well-rounded diet for an African Macaw in captivity should consist of a high-quality pellet or formulated diet designed explicitly for parrots. This should be supplemented with various fresh fruits and vegetables, including leafy greens, and occasional nuts and seeds as treats. It is crucial to note that the diet and feeding habits of African Macaws should be tailored to their individual needs, considering factors such as age, health condition, and activity level. 

African Macaw Parrot Price in India

The Price of Grey Parrots or Congo African Greys Macaws can vary significantly depending on several factors. It’s important to note that pricing information may fluctuate over time and can vary based on geographical location, availability, age, color mutations, and the reputation of the breeder or seller. Additionally, local laws and regulations may affect the availability and pricing of African Macaws in different regions. African Macaws are highly sought-after parrots due to their exceptional intelligence, striking appearance, and remarkable mimicry skills. 

The average macaw parrot price in India can range from several hundred to several thousand. This Macaw Parrot Prices in India typically start at around 80,000 INR and can go up to 2,50,000 INR or more for a well-socialized, healthy, and hand-reared African Macaw. Factors such as age, training, and the ability to mimic human speech may also influence the Price. While the natural grey coloration is the most common and sought-after, specific rare color mutations, such as pied or silver variants, may command higher prices due to their uniqueness and desirability among collectors and breeders.

In addition to the purchase price, it’s essential to consider the ongoing costs with owning an Grey Macaw. These costs include providing a suitable cage, high-quality bird food, toys, perches, veterinary care, and other necessary supplies. Proper care and maintenance for an African Macaw can be a long-term financial commitment. Before purchasing an African Macaw, it is crucial to do thorough research, consider the responsibilities and obligations of owning a parrot, and ensure that you can provide a suitable and enriching environment for their well-being.

Caring Tips for Your Grey Friend

Photo- Omlet US

These intelligent and social birds can live up to 50-60 years, so providing proper care is essential for their long and healthy life. Here are some important aspects to consider when taking care of an Macaw Parrot:

  1. Housing: African Macaws need a spacious cage to stretch their wings and move around comfortably. The cage should be sturdy, with a minimum size of 3 feet by three by 3 feet. Add perches at different heights, ensuring that the bird’s tail doesn’t touch the bottom of the cage when it’s sitting. Also, provide toys and activities to keep them mentally stimulated.
  2. Nutrition: A balanced diet is crucial for an African Macaw’s health. Feed them various fresh fruits, vegetables, and high-quality pellets specifically formulated for parrots. Offer a mix of foods to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. Avoid feeding them foods toxic to birds, such as avocados, chocolate, caffeine, and alcohol. Providing fresh drinking water daily is essential.
  3. Social Interaction: African Macaws are highly social birds and demand regular interaction with their human companions. Spend time talking, playing, and providing mental stimulation to keep them engaged. Lack of socialization can lead to boredom and behavioral problems, so ensure they get several hours of daily out-of-cage time in a bird-safe area.
  4. Mental Stimulation: African Macaws are intelligent birds that require mental stimulation to thrive. Provide toys that encourage problem-solving and require physical activity. Puzzles, foraging, and chewable toys are great options for keeping their minds occupied. Regularly rotate and introduce new toys to prevent boredom.
  5. Healthcare: Regular vet check-ups are crucial to detect any health issues. Find an avian veterinarian experienced in treating Grey Macaws to ensure proper care and vaccination schedules. Additionally, monitor their feathers, skin, beak, eyes, and droppings for signs of any abnormalities. Keep their living spaces clean to prevent infections or respiratory problems.
  6. Training and Enrichment: Grey Macaws are known for mimicking sounds and words. Spend time training them using positive reinforcement techniques, such as clicker training. Teach them basic commands, tricks, and provide mental exercises to keep them engaged and stimulated.
  7. Noise Level: African Macaws have a reputation for being vocal. Ensure you are prepared for their loud vocalizations, which can be disruptive in certain living situations. Plan for a suitable environment where they can express themselves without causing disturbance to your household or neighbors.

Herer, this is everything you need to know before buying Grey Macaw Parrot in India, and make sure to know that the average lifespan of these species is 50-70 years so be sure that you are ready for commitment of longevity and some of the other cost expects like veteran care and much more.


What is the lifespan of an African Macaw?

African Macaws have an average lifespan of 40 to 60 years, although some individuals can live even longer with proper care and nutrition.

Are African Macaws good talkers? 

Yes, Grey Macaws are known for their exceptional ability to mimic human speech and a wide range of sounds. They can learn and imitate words, phrases, and even entire conversations accurately and clearly.

Are African Macaws good pets?

African Macaws can make excellent pets for the right owners. They are highly intelligent, social, and have captivating personalities. However, they require a significant commitment in terms of time, attention, mental stimulation, and care to thrive in a domestic setting.

How big do African Macaws grow?

This are considered medium-sized parrots. On average, they reach a length of about 13 inches to 16 inches (33 to 41 cm) from beak to tail and weigh between 400 to 600 grams.

Do African Macaws require a special diet?

African Macaws have specific dietary requirements. A well-balanced diet for an African Macaw includes high-quality pellets or diets designed for parrots, supplemented with various fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional nuts and seeds. Proper nutrition is required for their overall health and well-being.

Are African Macaws endangered?

African Macaws, specifically the Congo African Grey (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) subspecies, are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. They face threats such as habitat loss, illegal trapping for the pet trade, and hunting. Conservation efforts are in place to protect & preserve their populations.

Can African Macaws be trained?

African Macaws are highly trainable due to their intelligence and willingness to learn. They can be trained to perform tricks, follow commands, and engage in interactive activities. Positive reinforcement-based training methods are recommended for their well-being and successful training outcomes.

Do African Macaws need companionship?

African Macaws are highly social birds and thrive on social interaction. While they can bond closely with their human caretakers, they also benefit from the company of other African Macaws or compatible parrot species. Regular social interaction and mental stimulation are essential for their happiness and well-being.

How can I ensure the well-being of an African Macaw?

Providing a suitable and spacious enclosure, a balanced diet, mental stimulation, regular veterinary care, and plenty of social interaction are key to ensuring the well-being of an African Macaw. Additionally, providing toys, perches, and opportunities for exercise and flight within a safe environment is essential for their physical and mental health.

Can African Macaws be loud?

Like many other parrot species, African Macaws can vocalize loudly. They may make a range of vocalizations, including squawks, screams, and calls. Considering the potential noise level when living with an African Macaw is essential, especially in shared living spaces or noise-sensitive environments.


The African Macaw, also known as the Grey Parrot or the Congo African Grey, is a magnificent parrot species renowned for its intelligence, striking appearance, and remarkable mimicry skills. With its regal beauty, exceptional cognitive abilities, and social nature, the African Macaw has captured the hearts of bird enthusiasts worldwide. However, it is important to recognize the conservation challenges this species faces due to habitat loss and illegal trapping. By promoting responsible ownership, supporting conservation efforts, and ensuring their well-being, we can appreciate and protect the African Macaw, preserving its presence as a true gem of the avian world’s.

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